Arenicola Marina Classification Essay

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online athttp://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description (ofLumbricus marinus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online athttp://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description (ofNereis lumbricoides Pallas, 1788) Pallas, P. S. (1788). Marina varia nova et rariora. Nova Acta Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanea. 2: 229-249. [details]   

original description (ofArenicola abildgaardti Castelnau, 1842) Castelnau, F. L. de Laporte de, 1842. L'Histoire naturelle des Annélides. p.1-46, pls.1-7, in P.H. Lucas ed., Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. 1. Histoire naturelle des Crustaces, des Arachnides et des Myriopodes: Paris. 600 pp., 46 pls. [details]   

original description (ofArenicola carbonaria Leach, 1816) Leach, W.E. (1816). Annulosa. In: Encyclopedia Britannica, supplement to the fourth, fifth and sixth editions 1:401-453, pls. 20-26. (vi-1816) [details]   

original description (ofArenicola clavata Ranzani, 1817) Ranzani, Camillo 1817. Beschreibung einer neuen Gattung Arenicola, von dem Prof. der N.G. zu Bologna. Isis oder Encyclopädische Zeitung, 1: 1449-1452. [details]   

original description (ofArenicola natalis Girard, 1856) Girard, Charles 1856. Arenicola natalis Girard. Boston Soc.Nat.Hist., Proc., 5: 88-90. [details]   

original description (ofArenicola piscatorum Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck J.B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp. , available online athttp://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

original description (ofClymenides sulfurea Claparède, 1863) Claparède, A. René Édouard. (1863). Beobachtungen über Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte wirbelloser Thiere : an der Küste von Normandie angestellt. [book]. 1-120, 18 plates, W. Engelmann. Leipzig., available online athttp://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10030 [details]   

original description (ofLumbricus papillosus Fabricius, 1780) Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae. [details]   

original description (ofArenicola tinctoria Leach, 1816) Leach, W.E. (1816). Annulosa. In: Encyclopedia Britannica, supplement to the fourth, fifth and sixth editions 1:401-453, pls. 20-26. (vi-1816) [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS) [details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS) [details]  Available for editors   [request] 

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online athttp://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Ashworth, James Hartley 1912. Catalogue of the Chaetopoda in the British Museum. A. Polychaeta: Part 1. Arenicolidae. 1-175. British Museum of Natural History. London. [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors   [request] 

additional source Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online athttp://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online athttp://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online athttp://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online athttp://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors   [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS) [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online athttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors   [request] 

source of synonymy (ofArenicola carbonaria Leach, 1816) Ashworth, James Hartley 1912. Catalogue of the Chaetopoda in the British Museum. A. Polychaeta: Part 1. Arenicolidae. 1-175. British Museum of Natural History. London. [details]   

source of synonymy (ofArenicola abildgaardti Castelnau, 1842) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors   [request] 

source of synonymy (ofLumbricus marinus Linnaeus, 1758) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online athttp://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

basis of record (ofLumbricus marinus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas ad genera relatas cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Stockholm., available online athttps://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59734 [details]   

source of synonymy (ofLumbricus marinus Linnaeus, 1758) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online athttp://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

source of synonymy (ofNereis lumbricoides Pallas, 1788) Ashworth, James Hartley 1912. Catalogue of the Chaetopoda in the British Museum. A. Polychaeta: Part 1. Arenicolidae. 1-175. British Museum of Natural History. London. [details]   

source of synonymy (ofClymenides sulfurea Claparède, 1863) Ashworth, James Hartley 1912. Catalogue of the Chaetopoda in the British Museum. A. Polychaeta: Part 1. Arenicolidae. 1-175. British Museum of Natural History. London. [details]   

source of synonymy (ofLumbricus papillosus Fabricius, 1780) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors   [request] 

source of synonymy (ofArenicola piscatorum Lamarck, 1801) Ashworth, James Hartley 1912. Catalogue of the Chaetopoda in the British Museum. A. Polychaeta: Part 1. Arenicolidae. 1-175. British Museum of Natural History. London. [details]   

additional source (ofArenicola piscatorum Lamarck, 1801) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 2.. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online athttp://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 263 [details]   

source of synonymy (ofArenicola tinctoria Leach, 1816) Ashworth, James Hartley 1912. Catalogue of the Chaetopoda in the British Museum. A. Polychaeta: Part 1. Arenicolidae. 1-175. British Museum of Natural History. London. [details]   

source of synonymy (ofArenicola natalis Girard, 1856) Ashworth, James Hartley 1912. Catalogue of the Chaetopoda in the British Museum. A. Polychaeta: Part 1. Arenicolidae. 1-175. British Museum of Natural History. London. [details]   

source of synonymy (ofArenicola clavata Ranzani, 1817) Ashworth, James Hartley 1912. Catalogue of the Chaetopoda in the British Museum. A. Polychaeta: Part 1. Arenicolidae. 1-175. British Museum of Natural History. London. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS) [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database

Additional information Disambiguation of the common English name. "Lugworm" may also be used incorrectly as the general English name representing any locally harvested for sale bristleworm in Korea, China, Japan, etc. Consequently, nereidid baitworms such as Perinereis aibuhitensis (q.v.) imported into California strangely are known there as lugworms. Also Asian trade statistics referring to lugworms are not relevant to arenicolid usage elsewhere. [details]

From other sources

Distribution Gulf of St. Lawrence (unspecified region), southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley), downstream part of middle St. Lawrence estuary, lower St. Lawrence estuary, lower North Shore, Prince Edward Island (from the northern tip of Miscou Island, N.B. to Cape Breton Island south of Cheticamp, including the Northumberland Strait and Georges Bay to the Canso Strait causeway); western slope of Newfoundland, including the southern part of the Strait of Belle Isle but excluding the upper 50m in the area southwest of Newfoundland; Cobscook Bay [details]
Habitat intertidal and infralittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

BIOTIC 
Lugworm, a fisherman's viewpoint ("bait of the art") 
Marine Life Information Network - UK 
To Barcode of Life (21 barcodes) 
To Biodiversity Heritage Library (319 publications) (from synonym Arenicola piscatorum Lamarck, 1801)
To Biodiversity Heritage Library (33 publications) (from synonym Lumbricus papillosus Fabricius, 1780)
To Biodiversity Heritage Library (340 publications) 
To Biodiversity Heritage Library (98 publications) (from synonym Lumbricus marinus Linnaeus, 1758)
To Encyclopedia of Life 
To GenBank (2374 nucleotides; 170 proteins) 
To Global Biotic Interactions (GloBI) 
To Marine Species Identification Portal 
To PESI 
To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelida Collection (51 records) 
To ITIS

Энсей Танкадо был возмущен. Получалось, что АНБ фактически получило возможность вскрывать всю почту и затем пересылать ее без какого-либо уведомления. Это было все равно что установить «жучки» во все телефонные аппараты на земле. Стратмор попытался убедить Танкадо, что «ТРАНСТЕКСТ» - это орудие охраны правопорядка, но безуспешно: Танкадо продолжал настаивать на том, что это грубейшее нарушение гражданских прав.

Он немедленно уволился и сразу же нарушил Кодекс секретности АНБ, попытавшись вступить в контакт с Фондом электронных границ.

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